Computational Complexity: A Conceptual Perspective
by Oded Goldreich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press 2008
Number of pages: 632
This book offers a comprehensive perspective to modern topics in complexity theory, which is a central field of the theoretical foundations of computer science. It addresses the looming question of what can be achieved within a limited amount of time with or without other limited natural computational resources. The book can be used as an introduction for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as either a textbook or for self-study, or to experts, since it provides expositions of the various sub-areas of complexity theory such as hardness amplification, pseudorandomness and probabilistic proof systems.
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by F. D. Lewis - University of Kentucky
This is an on-line textbook on heuristic algorithms. From the table of contents: Classes of Problems; Integer Programming; Enumeration Techniques; Dynamic Programming; Approximate Solutions; Local Optimization; Natural Models.
by Tim Roughgarden - Stanford University
The two biggest goals of the course are: 1. Learn several canonical problems that have proved the most useful for proving lower bounds; 2. Learn how to reduce lower bounds for fundamental algorithmic problems to communication complexity lower bounds.
by Oded Goldreich
Complexity theory is the study of the intrinsic complexity of computational tasks. The book is aimed at exposing the students to the basic results and research directions in the field. The focus was on concepts, complex technical proofs were avoided.
by Alexander Shen - arXiv.org
Algorithmic information theory studies description complexity and randomness. This text covers the basic notions of algorithmic information theory: Kolmogorov complexity, Solomonoff universal a priori probability, effective Hausdorff dimension, etc.